Krugersdorp owes it's origin to two important events in the history of South Africa,namely The Transvaal War of independence (1881) and the discovery of the Witwatersrand Goldfields (1886).
These two occurences with their far-reaching political and economic consequences,were mainly instrumental in causing the establishment of two townships,originally apart,but subsequently united under the name of Krugersdorp.
The one township became the business center of the West Rand Goldfields,while the other sprang into existence by reason of the position and significance of the Paardekraal Monument.
The Krugersdorp Museum was established in July 1993 and is housed in the Old Magistrate's Court,one of the town's oldest buildings.
The Sterkfontein Caves are one of the richest and most productive
palaeo-anthropological sites in the world and form part of the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site
the most remarkable findings to have been made by numerous world famous
scientists within the Cradle of Humankind is the famous Mrs. Ples, the
first complete Australopithecus skull to be discovered and more
recently, Little Foot, a 4.17 million-year-old almost complete ape-man
skeleton was also discovered in the same caves.
The first fossils
at Sterkfontein came to light as early as 1936 and were the first adult
Australopithecines or more specifically Australopithecus.
Australopithecus africanus existed only in South Africa between 3.2 to
2.6 million years ago and was a very early hominid (i.e. a species that
belongs in our family the Hominidae).
It was the adult ape-men
fossils from Sterkfontein that helped prove to the world that Africa was
the cradle of humankind. Sterkfontein has fossil deposits dating back
to almost 3.5 million years ago all the way up to 1.5 million years ago,
providing a wealth of information about the different hominid species
that existed in this 2 million year interval.
An hours drive
from Johannesburg and Pretoria, facilities include a top restaurant,
conferencing facilities, access into the caves, walkways and a boardwalk
past the excavation site where world-acclaimed fossils have been
The scientific exhibition centre show-cases a
reconstruction of a mined versus a pristine cave, cave formations and
geologies, early-life forms, mammals and homo-fossils, specific finds
such as Mrs Ples, the Taung child and Little Foot as well as details of
fossilisation, paleobotany and landscapes.
Prior to the detail
design of the exhibition content of the Sterkfontein Caves exhibition,
an expert committee of scientists from the University of Witwatersrand,
copy writers and exhibition and attraction designers spent gruelling
months reaching consensus on the most widely accepted theories and facts
on human development.
This well researched storyline forms the basis of the Sterkfontein Caves experience.
and award winning artist, John Gurche, has produced all the lifelike
hominid ilustrations, from the Toumai through to modern humans
Sterkfontein Caves are owned by the University of the Witwatersrand
whose scientists have been responsible for the main excavations of the
World Heritage Site. Sterkfontein has been excavated for more than 62
years in total, but it is amazingly still yielding up its secrets.
discovery just recently of the almost complete skeleton of 'Little
Foot' bears ample testament to the wealth of information which is still
to be gained from the cave deposits at Sterkfontein.
caves are open 7 days a week, tours are guided and run every half hour
from 9am - 4pm. The tours are limited to 30 people. Closed on Christmas
Day. Booking is essential. Tel : +27 (0) 14 577-9000Maropeng
is the visitor centre of the Cradle of Humankind and about 10km from Sterkfontein.
Home to rhino, buffalo, hippopotamus, zebra and numerous buck species.
Kromdraai Gold mine
Establish in 1881, Kromdraai was the first to be establish in Witwatersrand.
Krugersdorp Game Reserve
The Krugersdorp Game Reserve is a small park, but offering a wide
variety of bird and wildlife, with 30 mammal and over 200 bird species
recorded. Giraffe, zebra, antelope, roan, sable, hippo and gemsbok can
all be viewed.
Lions are kept in a special 100ha enclosure in the
middle of the reserve. Visitors can watch the lions being fed on Sunday
mornings between 10h00 and 11h00.
Krugersdorp Game Reserve (1
500ha) is the ideal option for a safari when time is limited as it is
close to Johannesburg and the safaris are such visitors get to see
plenty of game.
Visitors can also enjoy horseback safaris or go
game viewing by mountain bike (The reserve is patrolled by Armed Guards
to ensure your safety whilst out on the trail). The reserve is primarily
grassland, with shrub thickets, small forests and fynbos found in the
valley and close to the small dams.
Additional activities include
enjoying a balloon safari, or learning how to drive a 4x4. Braai and
picnic facilities are available.
Twitchers can spend hours on the
lookout for the more than 200 species that have been recorded in the
reserve but walking is strictly prohibited, so youll need to bird-watch
by horseback or from your car. There is also a walk-through aviary
within the reserves bounds.
Visiting hours: 08:00am - 18:00pm
Phone: +27 (0)71 556 3813
From Krugersdorp, travel towards Rustenburg on the R24
Marking the place where the original meeting for Transvaal independence in 1880 led to the formation of Krugersdorp.
Robert Broom Musuem
Enjoy guided tours of fossil-rich caves.
Tarlton International Drag Strip
High-octane excitement for motor- and drag-racing fans.
Wanderes' Sport Ground
Alongside the 37ha Coronation Park, hosting football, cricket, hockey, athletics, cycling, bowls, swimming and gymnastics.
The Wonder Cave is located in the internationally known valley of Kromdraai within the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site
, amidst famous palaeontological sites containing the oldest relics of mankind.
The Wondercave is surrounded by game farms with an abundance of both wild- and birdlife. The cave is close to the Sterkfontein Caves and the Maropeng Visitor Centre
in the Kromdraai Valley, northwest of Johannesburg.
natural wonder, only open to the public since 1991, boasts an enormous
single chamber which one enters by elevator beside walls decorated with
beautiful formations up to 15m high.
pools, cave pearls, stalactites, stalagmites, popcorn formations, straw
formations, mushroom formations, the Madonna, etc.
are conducted by competent guides along well-lit pathways, where no
crawling is necessary, reducing the likelihood of claustrophobia.
Monday to Friday from 08h00 to 17h00 (last tour is at 16h00)
Saturday and Sunday from 08h00 to 18h00 (last tour is at 17h00)