Middelburg, formerly known as Nasareth - meaning 'root from dry land', was established on the farm Sterkfontein in 1866, and owes the large extent of the town and the townlands to a mathematical error.
Originally a church town, the name was changed in 1872 to Middelburg to mark its situation midway between the two towns of Pretoria and Lydenburg. Across the ridge on the north-western side towards Botshabelo, the township of Mhluzi developed simultaneously and became part of greater Middelburg in 1994.
The town has now far exeeded these boundaries, and has today outgrown all expectations to become a large farming and industrial centre, with a growth rate equal to the best in the country.
"Cycad" Hiking Trails
Excellent day and overnight hikes are available through Middelburg's fascinating floral environment. These include the Cycad Bobbejaan (a 9-day hike), Cycad, Cycad Suikerbos and Cycad Tarentaal Trails.
The Middelburg Nature Reserve
Provides shelter to many game species, while many marked trails offer a sight of the beauty of the highveld, including large colonies of cycads.
Water sports make a splash at the centrally situated Kruger Dam, with rondavels and a caravan park.
The nearby expanse of Middelburg Dam offers fine sailing and fishing and plenty of relaxed, sunny weekends for the oudoor types.
Many buildings of this historical village have been restored, including Fort Merensky and The Parsonage, former houses now part of a museum complex, churches, and the old dining hall.
Dutch Reformed Church
Built in 1890, it has served as the focal point for the district ever since. The Nagmaal (Communion) was originally held here by Voortrekkers.
A national monument, dating to 1896. One of the few remaining old stone bridges built by the Transvaal Republic.
On the site of the large former concentration camp is a memorial to the 1 381 women and children who died here during the Anglo-Boer War.
An extension of the Botshabelo museum complex, showing the traditional culture still practised by these hospitable people.
Middelburg bursts with flourishing educational institutions from nursery schools to the Technical College, covering all areas and languages. The town also has cinemas, libraries, international restaurants and sophisticated shops.