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Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa, world famous for its national parks and conservation areas and with some of the best, most unspoiled beaches in the world.
Tanzania’s national parks and conservation areas cover an area in excess of 200 000 square kilometres. On a Tanzania safari one can gaze in awe as millions of herbivores cross the Serengeti in their annual migration, marvel at the Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest unbroken caldera and explore the remote Selous Game Reserve.Population
Largest city: Dar es SalaamLanguage
Kiswahili or Swahili (official); English (official, commerce); Arabic (in Zanzibar), and many local languages. Time
UTC +3 Electricity
230V/50Hz (Indian or UK plug). Communications
Telephone, fax, telegram, post and Internet services are available in urban centers and locations popular with tourists. Direct dialing to many countries is available at most hotels in urban areas.Visas
All visitors require a visa except citizens of some African and commonwealth countries. It is advisable to obtain visa's in advance as some airlines may require it before allowing you to board.
You can also be issued with a visa on arrival at Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar and Kilimanjaro international airports, but still need to obtain entry permit clearance.
Passports must be valid for at least six months. Health and Vaccinations
Visitors entering Tanzania from yellow fever infected areas require yellow fever international certificate of vaccination. The northwestern forest region is considered a high-risk area for yellow fever.
Many countries (including South Africa) insist on a yellow fever vaccination certificate if you've been traveling to Tanzania.
- Malaria is common in Tanzania. Visitors are strongly advised to take anti-malaria medication commencing two weeks before travel.
- It is recommended to take vaccinations against hepatitis A, polio and typhoid. HIV-AIDS is prevalent in the country
- Some fresh water lakes and rivers carry the risk of Bilharzia and you are advised not to swim in such areas.
- Though proof of vaccination is not required, cholera is a risk throughout the country and precautions are necessary.
Modern hospitals and chemists are available in Dar es Salaam, Arusha and other major urban centres.Entry Points
There are two major airports; one in Dar es Salaam, Julius Nyerere International Airport and one in Kilimanjaro which is halfway between Arusha and Moshi. Climate
Tanzania's weather varies from humid and hot in low lying areas, such as Dar es Salaam, to hot during the day and cool at night in Arusha. There are no discernible seasons, such as winter and summer -- only the dry and wet seasons. Tanzania has two rainy seasons: The short rains from late-October to late-December and the long rains from March to May.
Many popular resorts and tourist attractions on Zanzibar and Mafia Island Marine Park close during the long rains season, and many trails in the national parks are impassable during this period. Best times to visit
- June to August: This is the tail-end of the long rainy season and the weather is at its best at this time of year -- bearable during the day and cool in the evening. However, this is not necessarily the best time of year for safaris, as water is plentiful in the parks and animals are not forced to congregate in a few locations to rehydrate, as they do in the middle of the dry season right after Christmas.
- January to February: This is the best time to visit the Serengeti. It is usually at this time that huge herds of Wildebeest, Zebra and Buffalo migrate to better grazing areas. Be advised this is most likely the hottest time of year. Clothing
Tropical clothing is worn throughout the year, but in the cooler season, from June to September, jackets and sweaters may be needed, especially in the evenings. Clothing appropriate to temperatures below zero is required on the higher slopes of Kilimanjaro and Meru.
Also note that it can get very cold at night on the Ngorongoro Crater and early morning game drives may be chilly before the sun comes up. Transport
There are two major airports; one in Dar es Salaam, nd one in Kilimanjaro - which is halfway between Arusha and Moshi. Regional Air provides almost daily service to all major cities, including Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Zanzibar, and most national parks.
The bus is the most common way to travel around in Tanzania. Most buses have a simple design, and the roads are poor, although 1st class air-con buses are available on the Dar-Moshi-Arusha route. Nearly all buses go in and out of Dar es Salaam.
If you can afford it, flying around Tanzania is faster and safer.Money
The local currency is the Tanzanian Shilling (Tsh). Visitors can take in any amount of foreign currency, subject to declaration. Taking out of foreign currency is limited to the amount declared upon arrival. Major currencies such as US dollars and the Euro and travelers cheques can be converted at major hotels, banks and forex bureaus in the main towns and tourist areas.
In Tanzania credit cards are not widely accepted. And when accepted the exchange rate is unfavorable.