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South Africa historical sites, museums and monuments give a glimpse of the rich and dramatic history of the country and date from the earliest traces of humankind through colonisation to the post-apartheid era.

Historical Sites
South Africa's rich and dramatic history dates from the earliest inhabitants through colonisation to the discovery of diamonds & gold; from the formation and evolution of black resistance, through 3 decades of crisis to the eventual death of apartheid.

From Robben Island where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years to the Battle Fields Route - the history comes alive when travelling through the Historical Sites of South Africa.

The Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg gives you a glimpse of the violence of South Africa's past.

Similar historic sites are:
* Ghandi Route - KwaZulu Natal - follow the footsteps of Ghandi whilst living in South Africa
* Sterkfontein Caves - Johannesburg - where Mrs Ples, the skull of a 2 million year old female, was found.
* Burgersdorp - the oldest town in Eastern Cape
* Danielskuil - part of a Griqua missionary and of historical importance.
* Kleinplasie Living Open Air Museum - depicting the lifestyle of the early pioneer farmers
* Mgungundlovu - home of Dingaan, King of the Zulu's
* Venda - Land of Legend
* Spioenkop - KwaZulu Natal - the site of one of the most fearsome events of the Anglo-Boer War.
* Voortrekker Footsteps - start your tour in Estcourt and end it at Piet Retief's grave on the Dingaanstat site.
* Wonder Cave Kromdraai - Johannesburg - in the world-renowned valley of famous palaeontological sites containing the oldest relics of mankind.
* Wupperthal - Clanwilliam - Western Cape - old mission town

Museums in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban, Pretoria, Pietermaritzburg as well as all the major cities will offer you a comprehensive overview of the South African history.
visit the smaller towns to visit some of the most interesting regional museums.

The more than 300 museums all over the country reflect this heritage in a range of places.

Eastern Cape
Nelson Mandela Museum - Umtata
The Olive Schreiner House - Cradock
Observatory Museum - Grahamstown

Free State
Museum Transgariep - Philippolis
National Museum - Bloemfontein
War Museum of the Boer Republics - Bloemfontein

Cradle of Humankind - Johannesburg
Bernberg Museum Of Costume - Johannesburg
Smuts House Museum - Pretoria
Museums and monuments - Pretoria
Sammy Marks Museum - Pretoria
Freedom Park - Pretoria

Alanglade - Pilgrims Rest

Northern Cape
Museums and Historic Places - Kimberley
Moffat Mission - Kuruman
Mine Museum- Kimberley

North West
Potchefstroom Museums

Western Cape
The Drostdy Museum - Swellendam
Shipwreck Museum - Bredasdorp
C P Nel Museum - Oudtshoorn
Afrikaans Language Museum - Paarl

Monuments of South Africa
The monuments of South Africa - from the 1820 Settlers Monument in Grahamstown to the Castle Of Good Hope in Cape Town - reflect the country's rich and diverse history.

* Freedom Park - Pretoria
* Voortrekker Monument - Pretoria
* Huguenot Monument  -Franschhoek
* Owl House - Nieu-Bethesda

Related Links
* Accommodation in South Africa
* Game Reserves & Game Lodges in South Africa
* Southern Africa Safaris & Tours